Learn More about Veterinary Specialties

What is a Veterinary Specialist? How are they different from my family veterinarian?

In addition to completing undergraduate training and four years of veterinary school, Board-certified veterinary specialists are similar to their human medical counterparts in that they have completed an internship and residency in their specialized field—an additional 3 to 5 years of training.

In addition to this extensive training, a Board-certified veterinary specialist must pass rigorous examinations to achieve Board certification from the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine or American College of Veterinary Surgeons. Specialists bring a greater understanding in the area of internal medicine, cardiology, oncology, neurology, surgery and have a greater knowledge of the unusual, the uncommon, or rare in both large and small animals. A Specialist may also use diagnostic equipment not generally used by your family veterinarian.


Our Specialties

Internal Medicine 

Internal Medicine specialists focus on the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in gastrointestinal, urogenital, endocrine, respiratory, and hematologic systems. Learn more about our internal medicine specialty here.



A surgery specialist is trained to provide advanced surgical procedures to help in the diagnosis and treatment of your pet. Learn more about our surgery specialty here. 


Diagnostic Imaging

The Diagnostic Imaging at the Central Toronto Veterinary Referral Clinic offers a wide array of imaging modalities available in veterinary medicine. Learn more about our diagnostic imaging specialty here.

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