Treatment of Bladder Stones in Dogs & Cats: Minimally Invasive Techniques & Procedures

Central Toronto Veterinary Referral Clinic | Internal Medicine Clinical Update

Michael Goldstein, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM

Did you know?

According to the 2016 “ACVIM Small Animal Consensus Recommendations on the Treatment and Prevention of Uroliths in Dogs and Cats,” bladder stones too large to pass through the urethra should be removed by medical dissolution, intracorporeal laser lithotripsy, or percutaneous cystolithotomy instead of cystotomy. 

Why consider minimally invasive techniques have over traditional surgical removal?

What minimally invasive techniques are available at CTVRC?

What factors are taken into account in determining the most appropriate technique for your patient?

*PCCL is a cystoscopic technique with minimal limiting factors and suitable for most patients regardless of the factors list above.

If you have a case and would like to see what options would be recommended for your patient, please do not hesitate to contact Dr. Kimberly Ho at CTVRC (, 416-784-4444). Sending patient signalment, urinalysis results, previous urolith analysis (if available) and any abdominal imaging can aid in the recommendations made. 

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Categorised as: Clinical Updates, Internal Medicine

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